The Green Bank space telescope.

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2.4 GHz

2018 - ongoing


2.4 GHz is the frequency at which both our wifi connection and radio-waves emitted from space, travel.


In May 2019, thousands of satellites were launched into space as part of long-term plans to create a fleet that could provide connectivity to antenna receivers all over Earth, which could conceivably provide Wi-Fi to the entirety of the planet. In the Western world in 2019, few spaces remain without constant Internet access, one of them being Green Bank – a town in America with a population of 200 people, nestled in the Appalachian Mountains, West Virginia. It is home to the world’s largest fully steerable radio telescope and lies in the heart of America’s National Quiet Zone, a large area of land in which radio transmissions are restricted by law to facilitate scientific research carried out by the telescope and its associated observatory. 


Inhabitants of Green Bank are expected to live as radio-silently as possible, avoiding operating devices that use transmissions which could cause interference with the space exploratory work; such as mobile phones, wireless headphones and microwaves. The context of Green Bank is unique – scientists travel to its remote location to partake in the quest to connect to the universe; others have moved there to escape the bombardment of technology, and the youth population is consistently thinning out; with limited connectivity making the launch of business difficult. Yet, the distinct sense of community is strong, extending to the entire county – an attribute that may be considered rare. 


The project is a photographic case study of life in Green Bank and its neighbouring towns, exploring polarities between connection & disconnection, aloneness & togetherness. By observing the lives and experiences of individuals who live in a space without a constant Internet connection, I hope to create a platform that engenders reflection on humanity’s use of communication technologies. It also begins to question what price we pay for constant connection, and what is at stake for communities such as that of Pocahontas when it becomes their reality too.


Research for this project was partly supported by The Malta Arts Fund - Research Support Grant 2018.


Words by Ann Dingli.

A square dance event at Dunmore Community Centre. Community events occur on a weekly or bi-weekly basis.

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A man sits in his car and stays on his phone, using one of the only open wifi connections outside the town.

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Chuck sits in the Observatory’s truck which is equipped with technology able to track down the location and strengths of radiowave frequencies around the town

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Jennifer Wood has been moving from one place to another trying to escape electromagnetic waves caused by excessive digital devices. In 2019 she finally bought her own house in Green Bank. 

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Jennifer Wood.

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Green Bank senior centre organises daily lunches and other activities. Green Bank is by far and large an ageing population. Youth leave as not many businesses open up in the area, one reason being the lack of connection.

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Justice takes a photo of Tina Taylor exhaling smoke from her vape. Tina uses social media to campaign for vaping as an alternative to smoking.

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Green Bank main street at night.

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